Washington : Cellular networks reveal the locations of mobile phone users, allowing a third party to easily track the location of the subscribers without their knowledge, a new study has revealed.
Using an inexpensive phone and open source software, the researchers – University of Minnesota computer science Ph.D. student Denis Foo Kune, working with associate professors Nick Hopper and Yongdae Kim, and undergraduate student John Koelndorfer – were able to track the location of cell phone users without their knowledge on the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) network, the predominant worldwide network.
“Cell phone towers have to track cell phone subscribers to provide service efficiently,” Foo Kune explained.
“For example, an incoming voice call requires the network to locate that device so it can allocate the appropriate resources to handle the call. Your cell phone network has to at least loosely track your phone within large regions in order to make it easy to find it.”
The result is that the tower will broadcast a page to your phone, waiting for your phone to respond when you get a call, Foo Kune said.
This communication is not unlike a CB radio. Further, it is possible for a hacker to force those messages to go out and hang up before the victim is able to hear their phone ring.
Cellular service providers need to access location information to provide service. In addition, law enforcement agencies have the ability to subpoena location information from service providers.
The University of Minnesota group has demonstrated that access to a cell phone user’s location information is easily accessible to another group—possible hackers.
“It has a low entry barrier,” Foo Kune said.
“Being attainable through open source projects running on commodity software.”
In a field test, the research group was able to track the location of a test subject within a 10-block area as the subject travelled across an area of Minneapolis at a walking pace. The researchers used readily available equipment and no direct help from the service provider.
The implications of this research highlight possible personal safety issues.
“Agents from an oppressive regime may no longer require cooperation from reluctant service providers to determine if dissidents are at a protest location,” the researchers wrote in the paper.
“Another example could be thieves testing if a user’s cell phone is absent from a specific area and therefore deduce the risk level associated with a physical break-in of the victim’s residence,” the researchers added.
Foo Kune and his group have contacted AT ‘n’ T and Nokia with low-cost techniques that could be implemented without changing the hardware, and are in the process of drafting responsible disclosure statements for cellular service providers.